ITI is a program of The Task Force for Global Health.
Eritrea started mapping for trachoma in 2006 and the survey results showed 19 sub-zobas < 5%, nine sub-zobas between 5-9%, seven sub-zobas in the 10-29.9% category and one sub-zoba (May-Mine) at 69%. The May-Mine sub-zoba borders the Tigray region of Ethiopia.
The MOH undertook mapping efforts using the GTMP platform in 2014. There are a total of 58 sub-zobas in the country leaving 14 unmapped areas. Currently, the 44 mapped sub-zobas include 22 sub-zobas < 5%, 19 sub-zobas between 5-9% (17 at baseline and two at impact survey), two sub-zobas in the 10-29.9% category and one sub-zoba (May-Mine) at 69%.
The national trachoma program started implementation in 2011 with seven sub-zobas receiving Zithromax®. The national program is seated in the National Blindness Prevention Program with the Non Communicable Disease (NCD) Division of the Department of Public Health.
CURRENT IMPLEMENTATION STATUS
Eritrea’s trachoma program has made extraordinary progress and is ahead of its neighbors Ethiopia and Sudan in reaching the 2020 elimination goal, despite a lack of resources, including consistent electricity, Internet, phone service, and access to reliable transportation.
In 2017, Eritrea’s national trachoma program will have conducted MDAs in 14 sub-zobas using Pfizer’s donation of Zithromax® and funding from FHF (supporting five sub-zobas) and The End Fund (supporting nine sub-zobas); and will start conducting impact surveys using Tropical Data (results pending). Due to the high prevalence in the May-Mine district, the MOH requested drug for another MDA in addition to the five MDAs already conducted.
A review and planning meeting for Eritrea’s trachoma program took place during January 18-20, 2016 in Asmara and was organized by the national program staff, ITI and FHF. The review and planning meeting was attended by: Alem Zecarias (MOH), Andat Tesfazion (MOH), Solomon Zewengiel (MOH), Michaele Mussie (MOH), Paul Emerson (ITI), Birgit Bolton (ITI), and Kelvin Storey (FHF). In April 2016, ITI funded a TAP workshop facilitated by Chad MacArthur. The TAP document has helped foster the writing efforts of the five-year National Blindness Prevention Plan.
Eritrea has participated the 2015 and 2016 East Africa Cross Border meetings, but has yet to attend any GET2020 meetings for at least the last four years, if not longer.
- Eritreans have very limited access to consistent electricity, Internet, phone service and access to reliable transportation.
- It would be prudent to revisit the unmapped areas in lieu of the dossier process.
- It would also be prudent to take a closer look at the baseline surveys conducted in 2006 where the TF is low, but TT is high.
Zithromax® Shipments by Year