ITI is a program of The Task Force for Global Health.
Trachoma has long been known to be a public health problem in northern part of Nigeria, an area characterized as arid and with poor water and sanitation, and the trachoma control program started in 2003. Up until 2013, surveys of trachoma in northern Nigeria generally covered discrete areas and did not provided information in a comprehensive way. Nevertheless, findings from surveys were used to justify investment in the SAFE strategy in selected districts. The Nigeria National Blindness and Low Vision Survey (2005-2007) showed that trachoma was a major cause of blindness in the Sahel ecological belt of Nigeria. In addition, the national blindness survey also indicated that trachoma was not a public health problem in southern Nigeria.
Research in northern Nigeria, considered the trachoma belt, and elsewhere also provided information on factors associated with active trachoma; these included having a dirty face, absence of latrine in the household, non-use of latrines, long distance to water source, and minimal face washing. Accordingly, different tiers of government and NGOs have supported the construction of latrines, provision of sanitary wares, and improved personal hygiene as well as providing the necessary support and logistics for the distribution of antibiotic for treatment of active disease and surgery for trichiasis.
With the donation of Zithromax® in 2010 more comprehensive control efforts started.
In 2013 the Global Trachoma Mapping Project (GTMP) and RTI/ENVISION have helped in providing new or updated data on active trachoma (in children age 1-9 years), on trachomatous trichiasis (in adults age 15+ years) and on sanitation and water supply (households surveyed).
2017 has been a pivotal year for trachoma elimination in Nigeria. New mapping occurred in early 2017 in the previously inaccessible regions of Borno and Adamawa. Of the 25 districts mapped in these two regions, no districts have been found endemic for trachoma.
Zithromax® Shipments by Year
|2017 (including some 2016 allocations)||16,373,424|